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THE STRUCTURE OF A SKILL LESSON

  • Written by : Drs. Suyatno MM

What are the skills?

Listening, reading, speaking, and writing are referred to as “the four skills”. Listening and reading   are RECEPTIVE SKILLS, i.e. they require only understanding. Speaking and writing are PRODUCTIVE SKILLS, i.e. they   require   the learners to produce something.

How is teaching skills   different from teaching   language?

When you are teaching  language, you are teaching “WHAT” ( for example, a grammar  point, a  function , or  a  vocabulary item), and the aim of  the lesson is  to introduce and  practice new language. When you  teach  skills  you are teaching  “HOW” :  how to listen in a more focused way, how to read  more quickly and  efficiently, how to speak  more  fluently, or how to  write  particular  types  of  text.

Learner master skills by  practice, in a  similar  way to other skills like playing  the piano  or  swimming. You can give them practice in the whole skills or  in sub skills.  Learners  can  practice  the skills  of reading in  a  general  sense by, for example,  reading a  whole text and  then answering a  question, or  they can practice  various  sub skills,  such  as   guessing  unknown words, scanning for  particular information, or  predicting what will come next. These sub skills, like practicing  scales  in music  or  learning   the  stroke  movements in swimming, help with  the mastery  of  the  whole  skills.

How do I teach a skill lesson?

The simplest way of structuring   a skills lesson is in three stages :

BEFORE   THE SKILLS ACTIVITY

Lead-in

The activities in this stage should engage the learners’ attention and get them thinking  about the topic they will be hearing, reading, writing, or talking  about. For example :

  • To introduce a reading text about festivals, you could ask   learners about  their  favorite festival  in  their  country.
  • To introduce a  story  the  students  are  going to listen to, you could show  learners a  picture and  ask them to predict  the story.
  • To introduce a  lesson on writing  postcards, you could  bring  in postcards sent  to  you   for  learners to read.
  • To introduce a  discussion of  childhood memories , you could show the class a  photo of  yourself as a child   and  tell  them  one  of your own  memories

Language Focus

You might also include a short language focus to introduce some key vocabulary or expression

DURING THE SKILLS ACTIVITY

Tasks

There might be  a task   or  series   of  tasks  that  the learners  have  to  carry  out, for  example :

  • Reading  a  text  about  festivals  and  matching pictures to  the  description of  the  different  festivals
  • Listening to a story   and arranging   pictures in the order of   the events in the story.
  • Learners get a holiday postcard with a picture   on the front. They have   to imagine   they are in that place   and write a postcard   on the back.
  • Learners complete a questionnaire about childhood memories and discuss with a partner.

There may be several tasks  in this stage,  particularly  in the case  of  reading  and  listening, beginning  with  more   general  tasks  and  progressing  to more detailed  tasks.

AFTER THE SKILLS ACTIVITY

Language   focus

After the learners  have completed each  task, you will need to go through the task carefully, checking  understanding  and  giving  answers  in listening and  reading  lessons, and  giving  feedback/ errors  correction  in writing  and  speaking  lessons. You  may  like   to  have  a  specific  language  study  spot, doing  more  detailed language   work  on a reading  or listening  text, or  giving  learners  more  practice  in a structure  or  function that  they are  finding  difficult  in a speaking  or  writing  activity.

Transfer

Finally, you can  use  the skills  activity  you have  just  completed  as  a  springboard  into practicing  another skills. For example;

  • Learners write about their favorite festival from their own country.
  • Learners  act  out   the story  in  groups
  • Learner   exchange postcards and read them. They think of four questions to ask about the postcard writer’s holiday. Then they role play meeting after their holidays and discussing them.
  • Learners write about   their strongest childhood memories. In groups  they make  wall posters  with  a  collage of  “ Our  memories”. These  are  pinned  up   for  other  learners  to read
Published in: on February 19, 2010 at 2:45 am  Leave a Comment  
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Info Utama

UNAS 2010 sudah beberapa hari lagi. Barangkali kita harus segera mempersiapkan diri dengan berbagai macam aktifitas positif. diantaranya dengan mengerjakan latihan-latihan soal. Khusus untuk soal Bahasa Inggris SMA IPA bisa di download disini
dan untuk soal bahasa Inggris SMA IPS bisa di download disini

Dan bagi teman-teman yang ingin mendownload SOAL-SOAL PREDIKSI UN 2009 berikut Kunci Jawaban nya juga dapat di download di situs Bank Soal Sebarin

Namun ada juga yang tidak kalah lengkapnya, yang mungking bermanfaat bagi teman-teman guru SD, SMP dan SMA yang di dalmnya terdapat berbagai Mata Pelajaran dapat di download disini

Bagi teman-teman yang ingin memiliki berbagai macam E-book download disini

Published in: on December 27, 2009 at 8:52 am  Comments (1)  

Create Quiz Using “Hot Potatoes”

Hot Potatoes created by Half Baked Software is a must-have tool for teachers or trainers who want to create a web based interactive exercises for students. Hot Potatoes allow you to create interactive multiple-choice, short-answer, jumbled-sentence, crossword, matching/ordering and gap-fill exercises and then publish it on the World Wide Web. Hot Potatoes is freeware, and you may use it for any purpose or project you like. It is not open-source.

There are six basic applications included in Hot Potatoes distribution:

  1. JCloze to create gap-fill exercises. The gaps are created by selecting words that need to be removed on a text. Students must fill the gaps with correct answers. Clues and alternative correct answers can be provided.
  2. JQuiz to create question based quizzes. The quizzes can give visual feedback on answers, hints on questions and free letter help upon users’ request.
  3. JCross to create crossword puzzles. As in JQuiz and JCloze, a hint button allows the student to request a free letter if needed. A crossword can be created automatically from a selection of words.
  4. JMatch to create matching or ordering exercises using text and/or images. Items on the left are matched with items on the right by dragging and dropping or from answers selected from a drop down list.
  5. JMix to create jumbled sentence exercises.
  6. The Masher to combine quizzes and exercises into a sequence and upload to a Web space. The Masher can be used to custom the look and feel of the combined ‘unit’ as a whole. You need a commercial license key to create units of more than three files.

So what are you waiting for? Get the potatoes while it’s still hot. It is available at http://hotpot.uvic.ca/

Published in: on March 25, 2010 at 10:35 pm  Leave a Comment  

Klepon Cake

Ingredients:

- 300 gr sticky rice flour,

- 30 gr sagu,

- 8-10 suji leaves,

- 150 gr brown sugar,

- 300 gr coconut.

Direction:

  • Grind suji finely, mix water. Shred coconut
  • Mix flours, add suji and a little water.
  • Form balls, put brown sugar inside
  • Boil until done
  • Sprinkle with shred coconut
Published in: on March 25, 2010 at 9:12 pm  Leave a Comment  

ENGLISH LESSON

LESSON 1

NOUN PHRASE

Written By : Drs. Suyatno, M.M

Noun Phrase   is a group of   words   which functions as a noun. The position can be as a subject, object, or   after   preposition. The  order  of  a noun  phrase   is  a little bit  complicated  for  its  different   principle   in  Indonesian language  and   in English  language. To bridge these differences, we  try to practice  translating   NOUN  PHRASE   in  Indonesian   into  NOUN PHRASE   in English.

A .  Pattern   1

NOUN        ADJECTIVE           =                    Mobil     Baru

ADJECTIVE        NOUN             =                    New        car

B. Pattern 2

NUMBER        NOUN               =           Dua      Mobil

Dua                mobil        baru

NUMBER        NOUN               =           Two       Cars

Two               new            cars

C.Pattern  3

NOUN   1                NOUN  2         =          Biaya      Produksi

NOUN 2                  NOUN  1          =         Production      cost

or

NOUN    1            NOUN  2             =         Biaya           Produksi

The   NOUN  1     of     NOUN   2          =         The    cost     of        production

D.   Pattern     4

NOUN  1      NOUN  2         NOUN 3 /ADJECTIVE

Pentingnya      pendidikan       keluarga

The     NOUN  1     of     NOUN  3 /ADJECTIVE    NOUN  2

The   importance      of      family    education

Exercise

TRANSLATE  THESE   NOUN   PHRASES   INTO    ENGLISH

  1. Kota  bersih
  2. Perusahaan besar
  3. Pengaruh jelek
  4. Peluang  baik
  5. Dampak  positif
  6. Keputusan  tepat
  7. Metode  efektif
  8. Kerja   efisien
  9. Resiko  tinggi
  10. 10.  Pemimpin muda

Exercise    2

TRANSLATE    THESE  NOUN   PHRASES  INTO   ENGLISH

  1. Hasil    penelitian
  2. Upaya   manajemen
  3. Pengaruh  lingkungan
  4. Perkembangan   pariwisata
  5. Kesejahteraan   masyarakat
  6. Tujuan  organisasi
  7. Sektor    bisnis
  8. Survei    pasar
  9. Pertumbuhan  penduduk
  10. 10.  Anggota  organisasi

Exercise   3

TRANSLATE  THESE  NOUN PHRASEs    INTO    ENGLISH

  1. Tiga     pendekatan     baru
  2. Sepuluh    point   penting
  3. Beberapa    strategi   pemasaran
  4. Beberapa    Negara      miskin
  5. Banyak   kegiatan    positif
  6. Lima   keputusan   penting
  7. Enam    menarsa  air
  8. Beberapa    produk    eletronik
  9. Tujuh    anggota  aktif
  10. 10.  Delapan  Negara   maju

Exercise   4

TRANSLATE   THESE  NOUN  PHRASES     INTO  ENGLISH

  1. Perkembangan   industry  swasta
  2. Manfaat    teknologi  informasi
  3. Program    penegentasan  kemisikinan
  4. Kehidupan  masyarakta moern
  5. Program   kebersihan   lingkungan
  6. Kerugian  penyalahgunaan   obat bius
  7. Peranan    industri   berskala   kecil
  8. Keberhasilan  pembangunan nasional
  9. Pengaruh  budaya barat
  10. Penggunaan  obat  herbal
  11. Bahaya   polusi  udara
  12. Kualitas  pendidikan dasar
  13. Dampak   degradasi moral
  14. Pentingnya  kerjasama  internasional
  15. Penerapan    teknologi  nano  pada   ilmu kedokteran
Published in: on February 25, 2010 at 1:33 am  Leave a Comment  

Resep Masakan

AYAM BAKAR KALASAN (Jawa Tengah)

Bahan :

- 1 ekor ayam kampong, belah jangan sampai putus, bersihkan.

- 3 lembar daun salam

- 2 cm lengkuas, memarkan

- 2 batang serai, memarkan

- 50 gram gula merah, sisir

- 500 cc air santan

- 250 cc air kelapa

- Lalapan mentah secukupnya

Bumbu halus :

- 7 siung bawang merah

- 5 siung bawang putih

- 5 butir kemiri

- 1 sendok makan ketumbar

- ¼ sendok teh jinten

- Garam secukupnya

Sambal Limau :

- 6 buah cabai merah

- ½ sendok teh terasi

- 2 buah jeruk limau

- ½ sendok teh gula merah

- Garam secukupnya

Cara membuat :

1. Masak air santan, air kelapa dan bumbu halus. Tambahkan dengan lengkuas,

Daun salam dan serai. Masak hingga bumbu matang dan mendidih, masukkan

ayam dan gula merah, masak air hingga bumbu meresap dan kuah teresap

2. Pakai penjepit dan bakaran ayam. Bakar ayam diatas bara api hingga matang dan

berwarna keclokatan, angkat.

3. Sambal limau; haluskan semua bahan sambal, beri perasan air jeruk limau

4. Sajikan ayam baker dengan lalapan mentah dan sambal limau. Untuk 6 orang

#<:::PASTA KENTANG BROKOLI :::>#

Bahan :

100 gram pasta bentuk penne atau macaroni, rebus matang
150 gram kentang bulat kecil, rebus matang
150 gram daging ayam asap, siap beli, iris
250 gram brokoli
50 gram keju mozzarella, iris

Saus :

2 sdm margarin
1/2 buah bawang bombai, cincang
3 sdm tepung terigu
250 ml susu cair
50 ml krim kental
1 sdt garam
1/2 sdt merica bubuk
50 gram keju cheddar, parut
1 butir telur

Cara Membuat :

1. Siapkan pinggan wadah alumunium, ukuran 15x12x5 cm, olesi dengan margarin.

2. Saus: panaskan margarin, tumis bawang bombai hingga layu. Masukkan tepung terigu, aduk rata. Tambahkan susu cair, krim kental, garam, dan merica bubuk, aduk rata hingga menjadi saus yang kental,tambahkan keju parut, aduk rata.

3. Penyelesaian : tata dalam wadah, macaroni, ayam asap, kentang kukus, dan brokoli, tuangkan saus, lalu tata keju mozzarella

4. Panggang dalam oven dengan temperatur 180 derajat Celcius selama 15 menit, angkat.

5. Sajikan hangat.

Published in: on February 15, 2010 at 1:19 am  Leave a Comment  
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